What is emotional abuse?
Behaviors intended to make loved ones feel bad about themselves.
Emotional abuse is always devaluing…
Evokes shame or fear to get what the abuser wants.
Resentful, angry, or abusive people blame their partners:
“You push my buttons.”
“I might have overreacted, but I’m human, and look what you did!”
They feel like victims, which, in their minds, justifies victimizing others.
The Silent Abuser
Not all emotional abuse is shouting or name-calling.
More common forms are disengaging and stonewalling.
Stonewallers punish by refusing to hear their partners’ perspectives:
“End of conversation!”
Disengaging partners say:
“Just leave me alone.”
Either form of abuse can make you feel:
- Like you don’t count
- Like a single parent.
No One Escapes
Everyone in the family loses dignity and autonomy.
Half suffer from clinical anxiety and/or depression.
They can’t sleep or concentrate.
Can’t work with their usual efficiency.
Can’t enjoy themselves without alcohol or drugs.
Most adults lack genuine self-value.
Children rarely feel as good as other kids.
Questions to ask of yourself:
Do I like myself?
Am I able to realize my potential?
Does everyone I care about feel safe?
Do my children like themselves?
Are they able to realize their fullest potential?
Do they feel safe?
Emotional Abuse of Partners
Affects the Children
Common symptoms of children:
- Depression (looks like boredom)
- Anxiety (worry)
- School problems
- Hyperactivity (can’t sit still)
- Low self-esteem (don’t feel as good as other kids)
- No emotions at all.
As adults, they’re at high risk of:
- Becoming abusive or victims of abuse
- Drug abuse
- Mental health problems
Witnessing a parent victimized is often more mentally harmful to children than injuries from direct child abuse.
Seeing a parent abused is child abuse.
Doing the work in the Boot Camps eliminates most symptoms.
Children learn from parental modeling…
When you’re more compassionate and less reactive, they’ll improve.
Help is available in the Love without Hurt Boot Camps.
Note: Dr. Stosny posted some of this same material and much more on emotional abuse on the Oprah Winfrey Website.
Subtle Signs of Emotional Abuse
If these occur, there’s still time to change, but the window is closing.
One or both partners make judgments about the perspective of the other without trying to understand it.
This stems from intolerance of differences.
Leads to dismissive, devaluing behavior.
One or both partners prefers to blame rather than focus on how to make things right.
Blame gives a dose of adrenaline, which temporarily increases energy and confidence.
Once blaming becomes a habit, the brain will do it automatically, whenever it wants adrenaline.
Due the tolerance effect of adrenaline, it takes more and more of it to get the same level of energy and confidence.
Blame will certainly get worse. It leads to devaluing and demeaning behavior.
One tells the other how to think and feel, in an attempt “to be helpful.”
This shows a lack of respect for the other’s individuality.
It will worsen to the extent that the integrity of one is sacrificed for the ego of the other.
One or both partners show remorse for hurtful remarks or behavior, but not compassion.
Remorse comes after hurtful behavior and focuses on how bad he/she feels.
Compassion prevents hurtful behavior by focusing on how the injured party feels and what it will take to repair.
Compassion is self-enhancing. Remorse is self-devaluing.
The devalued self is more likely to abuse than the valued self.
One or both partners withdraw affection and connection in the face of disagreement.
The implication is that partners aren’t worth loving, unless they agree.
“You’re too sensitive!”
Implies that there’s something wrong with you for being hurt by my remarks or behavior.
One or both partners imply that the other is not competent, smart, or resourceful enough.
This attitude will eventually justify controlling and dominating behavior.
One partner regards the other as inferior in some way.
This will be expressed in increasingly hurtful ways.
Sarcasm expresses hostility in a socially sanctioned way.
If one partner defends it by attacking the sense of humor of the other, abuse will almost certainly become more overt and more virulent.
One or both partners are walking on eggshells to avoid a disappointed look in your partner.
Image credit: [CC0]